PIPG was proud to welcome Erich Spangenberg, founder of IPNav and nXn Partners. Mr. Spangenberg first spoke about his early legal career at Jones Day. He then addressed how he adapted software and systems ports use to regulate shipping to develop his software that identifies patents with potential validity issues. His company was at the forefront of helping patent owners adjust to the AIA. He also spoke on the state of the current market for the IP space, and recommendations for young lawyers hoping to work in patent law. Mr. Spangenberg recommended that all emerging litigators look to international experience, particularly to changing EU patent review, which will increase the size of the market. He also recommended that all litigators develop skills to translate legalese into language business people can understand.